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Note 2: Financial Performance

This section analyses the financial performance of the Clean Energy Finance Corporation for the year ended 30 June 2017.

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2.1: Expenses

  2017
$’000
2016
$’000
2.1A: Employee Benefits    
Wages and salaries 19,353 15,903
Superannuation    
  Defined contribution plans 1,209 932
Leave and other entitlements 462 390
Separation and redundancies 34 345
Total employee benefits 21,058 17,570

Accounting Policy

Liabilities for ‘short-term employee benefits’ (as defined in AASB 119 Employee Benefits) and termination benefits due within twelve months of the end of reporting period are measured at their nominal amounts.

The nominal amount is calculated with regard to the rates expected to be paid on settlement of the liability.

Leave

The liability for employee benefits includes provision for annual leave and long service leave. No provision has been made for sick leave as all sick leave is non-vesting and the average sick leave taken in future years by employees of the Group is estimated to be less than the annual entitlement for sick leave.

When an employee has rendered service to the Group during the period, the Group recognises the undiscounted amount of short-term benefits expected to be paid in exchange for that service as a liability, calculated on the basis of employees’ remuneration at the estimated salary rates that will be applied at the time the leave is taken, including the Group’s employer superannuation contribution rates. 

The liability for long service leave is recognised and measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the reporting date. Consideration is given to expected future wage and salary levels, experience of employee departures, and periods of service. Expected future payments are discounted using market yields at the reporting date on national government bonds with terms to maturity and currencies that match, as closely as possible, the estimated future cash outflows.

Separation and Redundancy

Provision is made for separation and redundancy benefit payments. The Group recognises a provision for termination when it has developed a detailed formal plan for the terminations, and has informed those employees affected that it will carry out the terminations.

Retention

The expected cost of retention payments is recognised when, and only when: 

  1. the Group has a present legal or constructive obligation to make such payments; and
  2. a reliable estimate of the obligation can be made.
Superannuation

The Group’s staff are members of various defined contribution plans to which the Group must contribute in accordance with the Superannuation Guarantee (Administration) Act 1992 [Cth]. The liability for superannuation recognised as at 30 June represents outstanding contributions for the final payroll periods of the year.

 

2017
$’000
2016
$’000
2.1B: Suppliers    

Goods and services supplied or rendered

   

Annual Report

117

 179

Consultants

412

612

Contractors

915

561

Data feeds and other subscriptions

385

319

Facility services and outgoings

236

116

Financial statement audit services

171

153

Information technology services

275 187

Insurance

144 138
Internal audit services 131 113
Legal fees 700 224
Marketing and communications 237 215
Telecommunications 116 129
Travel and incidentals 745 614
Website 24 72
Other 466 352
Total goods and services supplied or rendered 5,074 3,984
Goods supplied 174 121
Services rendered 4,900 3,863
Total goods and services supplied or rendered 5,074 3,984
Other suppliers    
Operating lease rentals in connection with:    
  Minimum lease payments for office premises – external  parties 1,407 852
Workers compensation expenses 63 29
Total other suppliers 1,470 881
Total suppliers 6,544 4,865

Leasing commitments

The Group has entered into operating leases for office premises which expire between 1 July 2018 and 30 September 2022.

Commitments for minimum lease payments in relation to non-cancellable operating leases are payable as follows:

  2017
$’000
2016
$’000
Within 1 year 1,646 1,036
Between 1 to 5 years 5,716 3,541
After 5 years 223 -
Total operating lease commitments 7,585 4,577

Accounting Policy

The determination of whether an arrangement is a lease, or contains a lease, is based on the substance of the arrangement and requires an assessment of whether the fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset.

Group as lessee

Leases that do not transfer to the Group substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased items are operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the statement of comprehensive income on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Contingent rental payable is recognised as an expense in the period in which it is incurred.

  2017
$’000
2016
$’000
2.1C: Concessional Loan Charges    
Concessional loan charge 11,433 6,876
Total concessional loan charges 11,433 6,876

Accounting Policy

The Group is required to record a non-cash concessional loan charge when it makes a loan at a discount to the prevailing market equivalent rates or terms. This non-cash charge is recorded as a liability at loan origination and offset to loans and advances when the loan is drawn down. The charge will unwind over the term of the underlying loan and be shown as concessional loan income. Over the full life of the loan, the impact on the reported profit or loss of the Group from the charge and income will net to $Nil. 

Accounting Judgements and Estimates

For each investment, the Group will attempt to maximise its return and provide only the level of discount from market rates/terms that is required to ensure the project proceeds, however, this may involve the Group taking a position that is not generally offered by other market participants (e.g. longer term fixed-rate debt, subordinated debt, unsecured or mezzanine debt, lending to thinly capitalised entities or companies with less strong credit ratings, etc.) and at rates that are below those that an equivalent market participant would demand if it were to participate in this market. The Group is required to record a concessional loan discount in relation to such loans and this requires extensive judgement in determining the ‘market equivalent rate’ so as to ascertain the extent of the implicit discount attached to the loan. This involves benchmarking to market rates for similar facilities and adjusting for specific differences in tenor, creditworthiness, security, etc. Further judgement is also required to be exercised in relation to the anticipated pattern under which loans will be drawn down, as well as the rate at which they are expected to amortise, so the extent of concessionality being offered in the transactions can be estimated.

  2017
$’000
2016
$’000
2.1D: Write-Down and Impairment of Assets    
Loan impairment charge 2,129 83
Total write-down and impairment of assets 2,129 83

Accounting Judgements and Estimates

Impairment of loans and advances

The Group reviews its individually significant loans and advances at each reporting date to assess whether an impairment loss should be recorded in the statement of comprehensive income. In particular, Management’s judgement is required in the estimation of the amount and timing of future cash flows when determining the impairment loss. These estimates are based on assumptions about a number of factors and actual results may differ, resulting in future changes to the allowance. 

Loans and advances that have been assessed individually (and found not to be impaired) are assessed together with all individually insignificant loans and advances in groups of assets with similar risk characteristics. This is to determine whether provision should be made due to incurred loss events for which there is objective evidence, but the effects of which are not yet evident. The collective assessment takes account of data from the loan portfolio (such as levels of arrears, credit utilisation, loan-to-collateral ratios, etc.), and judgements on the effect of concentrations of risks and economic data (asset type, industry, geographical location).

Impairment of Available-for-Sale (‘AFS’) financial assets

For AFS financial assets, the Group assesses at each reporting date whether there is objective evidence that an investment or a group of investments is impaired.

In the case of equity investments classified as AFS, objective evidence would include a significant or prolonged decline in the fair value of the investment below its cost. ‘Significant’ is evaluated against the original cost of the investment and ‘prolonged’ against the period in which the fair value has been below its original cost. 

The determination of what is ‘significant’ or ‘prolonged’ requires judgement. In making this judgement, the Group evaluates, among other factors, the duration or extent to which the fair value of an investment is less than its cost. 

In the case of debt instruments classified as AFS, the impairment is assessed based on the same criteria as loans and advances. The Group’s AFS debt instruments are early in their life (of what can be 7+ year fixed terms) and the Group does not have a significant history from which to ascertain the likely extent of ultimate defaults and consequential losses.

  2017
$’000
2016
$’000
2.1E: Provision for Irrevocable Loan Commitments    
Provision for irrevocable loan commitments 292 (178)
Total provision for irrevocable loan commitments 292 (178)

2.2: Own-Source Revenue and Gains

  2017
$’000
2016
$’000
2.2A: Interest and loan fee revenue    
Interest and fees from loans and advances 30,045 24,910
Interest from Available-for-Sale financial assets 12,118 4,347
Interest from cash and short-term investments 7,199 7,536
Interest from other financial assets 7,488 12,209
Unwind of concessional interest rate discount 2,425 2,425
Total interest and loan fee revenue 59,275 51,013

Accounting Policy

Revenue is recognised and measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Group and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Interest Revenue

Interest revenue is recognised as interest accrues using the effective interest method as set out in AASB 139 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement. This is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a financial asset and allocating the interest income over the relevant period using the effective interest rate, which is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the net carrying amount of the financial asset. Deferred income received in cash at the start of a loan is brought to income on an effective yield basis over the life of the loan by reducing the carrying amount.

Establishment Fees

Establishment fees relating to the successful origination or settlement of a loan are deferred and recognised as an adjustment to the effective interest rate on the loan.

Commitment Fees

Commitment fees are recognised on an accrual basis over the period during which the credit is made available to the customer but is not drawn down.

  2017
$’000
2016
$’000
2.2B: Other (Losses) / Gains    
Loss on sale of investment (92) (156)
Total other (losses) / gains (92) (156)
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